Gram-scale StarChip components | 4 photon thrusters

Apr 10, 2017 08:29 Posted on: Breakthrough Initiatives

Thank you, Mr. Pete Klupar.

Now, we have been challenging [....] over one from the thrust weight ratio : F/W > 1.0 with a new thrust force by the internal pressure difference of our unique propulsion evolution system (not open to the public).

That means we (humankind) can reach ... over the Earch's atmosphere without the rocket fuel (of the burden on the environment) in case of successfully its testing (success of the above ground experiment).

Probably, its test body may be able to go to the outer space with no rocket within this year 2017, (if the funds for... are raised)

Our demonstration you requested will be showed sooner or later.


Kingo Ueuchi
AeroSpace Universe Corp.

Jul 15, 2017 02:57 Breakthrough Initiatives Posted on: Breakthrough Initiatives

Apr 10, 2017 08:29 Posted on: Breakthrough Initiatives

Thank you for the comments and for your interest in StarShot.

- Avi Loeb, Breakthrough Starshot

Mar 29, 2018 14:08 Theodore Frimet Posted on: Breakthrough Initiatives

Please feel free to delete this comment, as it is coming from the likes of a hobbyist, and not a dyed-in-the wool physicist.

Allow the coherent light source to quantum tunnel, and emit as multiple wavelets on the opposing side of the "sail".
Ideally, the emitted light waves, would be Minkowski photonic pressure, and pull the sail.

No heat. No thermodynamics. Just photonic pressure.

As for how to make the multiple waves, (and yes I can not do this) - laser stir a medium into a lowest energy state (Bose-Einstein Condensate), and separate parts of the condensate to produce the classic double slit.

I can't hardly imagine how a physicist could use a Tunneling Electron Microscope (TEM) to move atoms; and how we could not move He in a similar fashion while existing as a BEC. Or a Josephson junction, to fire one electron at a time - but to make damn certain that the electron cascades into two virtual photons before entering the BEC medium.

I know that a BEC can quantum tunnel. So, here's the charm and the fiction - (and why I've asked you to delete my comment if necessary) - photons striking the BEC don't have to quantum tunnel, if they can pass thru the double slit, do they? But if you could get a photon to tunnel (without the double slit) wouldn't it be exciting to find out that there are multiple waves, instead of one coherent beam?

-Theodore Frimet

May 14, 2018 22:40 Breakthrough Initiatives Posted on: Breakthrough Initiatives

Thank you for your comments. We will consider them as we build the system.

- Pete Klupar, Breakthrough Starshot

Sep 13, 2018 16:08 Breakthrough Initiatives Posted on: Breakthrough Initiatives


Thank you for your thoughts, Theodore. Your comments get at an extremely important aspect of the design of the lightsail, namely the microphysics of how the laser beam interacts with the material. The key considerations in selecting the sail material involve its
- absorptivity (how quickly the sail heats up)
- reflectivity (how efficiently the sail is propelled)
- emissivity (how quickly the sail can cool)
- density (how much the sail weighs which limits its terminal speed for a given energy supply)

The best material in terms of these properties may well be a photonic crystal, in which the microscopic structure of the material is carefully arranged to exploit the quantum mechanical interaction between the material and the incident laser. This approach may also aid in improving the sail's stability on the beam. These issues were recently reviewed in a paper by Harry Atwater and his group at Caltech: and previously in a paper by Zac Manchester & Avi Loeb:
We will be conducting a competition for good ideas some time in late 2019 for the next phase of this development

- John Forbes and Avi Loeb (Harvard), Breakthrough Starshot

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